Dirk Puehl‘s Today’s Memory
Battle of Adrianople
Originally shared by Dirk Puehl
#onthisday in 378, Valens and his Roman Army of Thrace was decisively defeated by a federation of Steppe tribes led by Fritigern and his Thervingian Goths in the Battle of Adrianople, present-day Edirne in Turkey.
Famously, the migration period, the great “Völkerwanderung”, began in 375 with the incursion of the Huns into the Gothic kingdoms in the steppe of Eastern Europe, who fled and pushed other tribes across the great rivers of Rhine and Danube into Roman territory, marking the beginning of the end of the Western Empire. Legends were told about these events ever since, they are among the foundation myths of almost all European nations who allegedly emerged from the ruins of Rome. Whoever the actual protagonists of these events more than 1500 years ago really were. However, around 376 a federation of tribes did cross the Danube and asked the Roman emperor Valens for land and employment as foederati, more or less border troops and mercenaries. Valens agreed and settled them in Thrace but his local deputies soon took care that the immigrants were rioting, a conflict that escalated into a full-scale war and an epochal battle two years later. But read more on:
Depicted below is a detail of a Roman sarcophagus, showing Roman infantry fighting heavy cavalry from the Steppe (late 2nd / early 3rd century CE), about the time when tribes later known as the Goths began to form in the Pontic-Caspian steppe and made their presence felt to the Romans.
#ancientrome #europeanhistory #history #militaryhistory #romanhistory