British Institutes Como ‘s Today’s Memory
Italy Liberation Day
Originally shared by British Institutes Como
Liberation Day, also referred to as the Anniversary of the Resistance and Anniversary of Liberation, is a public holiday in Italy celebrated on April 25. It commemorates the end of Nazi occupation and Benito Mussolini’s regime in the country in 1945.
Benito Mussolini founded the National Fascist Party in 1921 and became the Prime Minister of Italy in 1922. In 1925, he set up a dictatorship. During WWII, Mussolini sided with Germany. After the Allied invasion of Italy in 1943, he was ousted, but the country was finally liberated from the fascist rule only two years later, in May 1945.
The date of Liberation Day was chosen by convention in 1946. It marks the day Turin and Milan were liberated form the Nazis. Besides, on April 25, 1945, the National Liberation Committee officially proclaimed the insurgency and announced the seizure of power. The liberation of northern Italy initiated the changes in the Italian society that ultimately led to the establishment of the Italian Republic in 1946.