May 13, 1923, Dallas, Texas – April 23, 1984
William „Red” Garland was an American modern jazz pianist whose block chord style influenced many forthcoming pianists in the jazz idiom.
Garland’s trademark block chord technique, a commonly borrowed maneuver in jazz piano today, was unique and differed from the methods of earlier block chord pioneers such as George Shearing and Milt Buckner. Garland’s block chords were constructed of three notes in the right hand and four notes in the left hand, with the right hand one octave above the left.
Garland became famous in 1955 when he joined the Miles Davis Quintet featuring John Coltrane, Philly Joe Jones and Paul Chambers.