Dirk Puehl‘s Today’s Memory
Battle of the Winwaed
Originally shared by Dirk Puehl
15 November 655, #onthisday somewhere in Yorkshire, Penda, the last pagan king of Mercia met his fate at the Battle of the Winwaed.
Two centuries after the Romans had left Britain, or so it is told, the country later known as England was fragmented in various petty kingdoms, founded by Anglo-Saxon tribes, former mercenaries, invaders, settlers. The Ēast Engla Rīce, East Anglia, Ēast Seaxna Rīce, Essex, Cantaware Rīce, Kent, Sūþseaxna rīce, Sussex, Westseaxna rīce, Wessex, Norþhymbra rīce, the kingdom of the Northumbrians and the Miercna rīce, the kingdom of the Mercians, the border people, as the seven territories were called, if not by the people who were supposed to have actually inhabited these places, then at least by their descendants in the days of King Alfred, were obviously on each others’ throats on a regular basis. Along with the Welsh, the Cornish, the Irish and the Picts. Or so the very few sources we have from the days of the Heptarchy, the “rule of the seven”, tell us, like the venerable Bede’s Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History of the English People) dating back to the year 731. And during the first half of the 7th century a ruler rose among the Mercians who would turn the world of the Heptarchy upside down, or at least give it a good try. His name was Penda, son of Pybba, scion of the Iclingas, named for Icel, great-grandson of Offa of Angel, a descendant of Wotan.
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Depicted below is a replica of an Anglo-Saxon helmet from the days of the Heptarchy .
#europeanhistory #history #medievalhistory #militaryhistory