15 Ianuarie în istoria României
January 15, 1850, Ipotești, Botoșani – June 15, 1889
Mihai Eminescu (born Mihail Eminovici) was a Romantic poet, novelist and journalist who transformed both the form and content of Romanian poetry, creating a school of poetry that strongly influenced Romanian writers and poets in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Eminescu’s talent was first revealed in 1870 by two poems published in Convorbiri literare, the organ of the Junimea society in Iaşi. Other poems followed, and he became recognized as the foremost modern Romanian poet. Mystically inclined and of a melancholy disposition, he lived in the glory of the Romanian medieval past and in folklore, on which he based one of his outstanding poems, Luceafărul (The Evening Star, 1883).
Eminescu’s poetry has a distinctive simplicity of language, a masterly handling of rhyme and verse form, a profundity of thought, and a plasticity of expression which affected nearly every Romanian writer of his own period and after. His poems have been translated into several languages, including an English translation in 1930, but chiefly into German. Among his prose writings, apart from many studies and essays, the best-known are the stories Cezara and Sărmanul Dionis (1872).
Manuscripts, containing 46 volumes and approximately 14,000 pages, were offered by Titu Maiorescu as a gift to the Romanian Academy.
Due to his conservative nationalistic views, Eminescu was easily adopted as an icon by the Romanian right.
In română: http://ro.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mihai_Eminescu
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