The beginning of the Roman Empire
Originally shared by Ed Pearce
On January 16, 27 BC Gaius was given the title of Augustus by the Roman Senate marking the start of the Roman Empire.
His full name was Gaius Octavius Thurinus, possibly commemorating his father’s victory at Thurii over a rebellious band of slaves. until he was adopted by Julius Caesar. For the next seventeen years he was Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus.
Julius Caesar had Gaius raised to the college of Pontifices, a major Roman priesthood, at the age of 16. Four years later, following the death of Julius Caesar, Gaius compelled the Roman Senate to elect him Consul.
In a meeting near Bologna in October 43 BC, Gaius, his brother-in-law Mark Antony and Lepidus (who had been Caesar’s master of horse) formed a junta called the Second Triumvirate. It was agreed that Augustus controlled the West, Antony the East and Lepidus Africa.
By 31 BC Gaius had defeated both Lepidus and Antony thus becomes sole leader and master of the Roman world.
On January 16, 27 BC Gaius was given the title of Augustus by the Roman Senate meaning „venerable, grand, majestic,” so until his death he was known as Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus. This marked the end of the Roman republic and the beginning of the Roman empire.