Originally shared by Today’s Memory
January 23, 1783, Grenoble, Isère – March 23, 1842, Paris
Marie-Henri Beyle, better known by his pen name Stendhal was one of the most original and complex French writers of the first half of the 19th century, chiefly known for his works of fiction. His finest novels are Le Rouge et le noir (The Red and the Black, 1830) and La Chartreuse de Parme (The Charterhouse of Parma, 1839).
During Stendhal’s lifetime, his reputation was largely based on his books dealing with the arts and with tourism (a term he helped introduce in France), and on his political writings and conversational wit. His writings and his personality were marked by a striking independence of mind. He was a romantic who kept his distance from Romanticism, an antiauthoritarian with a nostalgia for the pre-Revolutionary world, a dreamer and tender-hearted enthusiast who passed himself off as a cynic. His writings combine lyrical fervour with a rationalist’s passion for analysis… considered one of the earliest and foremost practitioners of realism.