Today's Memory

Booker T. Washington’s birthday

Booker T. Washington’s birthday

Booker T. Washington’s birthday

Originally shared by James C.B Gray

On this date April 5th in the year 1856 Booker T. Washington was born in Hale’s Ford,Virginia….although he was born a slave,he would later go on to conquer many monumental feats that have contributed to the African American legacy…at the age of 25 he founded the Tuskegee Institute…Booker T. Washington was also commemorated on a U.S stamp on this same day in the year 1956…Washington became the first African American to be honored twice on a Postal Stamp.

Booker T. Washington was an American educator, author, orator, and advisor to presidents of the United States. Between 1890 and 1915, Washington was the dominant leader in the African-American community.

Washington was from the last generation of black American leaders born into slavery and became the leading voice of the former slaves and their descendants. They were newly oppressed in the South by disenfranchisement and the Jim Crow discriminatory laws enacted in the post-Reconstruction Southern states in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

His base was the Tuskegee Institute,a historically black college in Alabama. As lynchings in the South reached a peak in 1895, Washington gave a speech, known as the „Atlanta Compromise” which brought him national fame. He called for black progress through education and entrepreneurship, rather than trying to challenge directly the Jim Crow segregation and the disenfranchisement of black voters in the South. Washington mobilized a nationwide coalition of middle-class blacks, church leaders, and white philanthropists and politicians, with a long-term goal of building the community’s economic strength and pride by a focus on self-help and schooling. But, secretly, he also supported court challenges to segregation and passed on funds raised for this purpose.Black militants in the North, led by W.E.B Du Bois at first supported the Atlanta Compromise but after 1909, they set up the NAACP to work for political change. They tried with limited success to challenge Washington’s political machine for leadership in the black community but also built wider networks among white allies in the North.Decades after Washington’s death in 1915, the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s took a more active and militant approach, which was also based on new grassroots organizations based in the South, such as CORE, SNCC and SCLC

Booker T. Washington mastered the nuances of the political arena in the late 19th century, which enabled him to manipulate the media, raise money, strategize, network, pressure, reward friends and distribute funds while punishing those who opposed his plans for uplifting blacks. His long-term goal was to end the disenfranchisement of the vast majority of African Americans, who still lived in the South…

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