March 11, 1818, Marseilles, France – July 14, 1910, Gurzuf, Crimea
Victor Marius Alphonse Petipa was a French-Russian ballet dancer, teacher and choreographer. Petipa is considered to be the most influential ballet master and choreographer of ballet who has ever lived.
Alexander Glazunov – Raymonda Ballet – Act 1 (fragment) – choreographed by Marius Petipa. First presented by the Imperial Ballet at the Imperial Mariinsky Theatre on 19 January 1898 in St. Petersburg, Russia
Marius Petipa is noted for his long career as Premier Maître de Ballet of the St. Petersburg Imperial Theatres, (1871-1903). Petipa created over fifty ballets, some of which have survived in versions either faithful to, inspired by, or reconstructed from the original – The Pharaoh’s Daughter (1862); Don Quixote (1869); La Bayadère (1877); Le Talisman (1889); The Sleeping Beauty (1890); The Nutcracker (which was most likely choreographed by Lev Ivanov, perhaps with Petipa’s counsel and instruction) (1892); Le Réveil de Flore (1894); La Halte de cavalerie (1896); Raymonda (1898); Les Saisons (1900), and Les Millions d’Arlequin (a.k.a. Harlequinade) (1900).
Don Quixote choregraphed by Marius Petipa Kitri Variation by Katya Preiser
All of the full-length works and individual pieces which have survived in active performance are considered to be cornerstones of the ballet repertory.
Marius Petipa: The Father of Classical Ballet