Today's Memory

Today’s Memory – Francisco Goya – Amintirea de azi2 min read

Goya - Goya-Self-portrait-c.-1796-1797

Portrait of Francisco Goya by Vicente López y Portaña, 1826Francisco Goya

(30 March 1746, Fuendetodos, Aragón – 16 April 1828, Bordeaux, France)

Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes was a Spanish artist whose paintings, drawings, and engravings reflected contemporary historical upheavals and influenced important 19th and 20th century painters. The series of etchings The Disasters of War (1810–1814) records the horrors of the Napoleonic invasion. His masterpieces in painting include La Maja Desnuda, 1790-1800The Naked Maja, The Clothed Maja (c. 1800–1805), and The 3rd of May 1808: The Execution of the Defenders of Madrid (1814):The Third of May 1808, 1814

Goya was a court painter to the Spanish Crown, regarded both as „the last of the Old Masters and the first of the Moderns”.

In 1771 in Zaragoza, he obtained his first important commission for frescoes in the cathedral, which he executed at intervals during the next 10 years. These and other early religious paintings made in Zaragoza are in the Baroque-Rococo style then current in Spain.

The Triple Generation, Ca 1762-1769

The Triple Generation, 1762-1769

Hannibal the Winner, 1770 - Cudillero, Asturias, Fundación Selgas-fagalde

Hannibal the Winner, 1770


Though there is little evidence for the legends of Goya’s rebellious character and violent actions, he was undoubtedly a revolutionary artist. His enormous and varied production of paintings, drawings, and engravings, relating to nearly every aspect of contemporary life, reflects the period of political and social upheavals in which he lived. He had no immediate followers, but his many original achievements profoundly impressed later 19th-century French artists – Eugène Delacroix was one of his great admirers – who were the leaders of new European movements, from Romanticism and Realism to Impressionism; and his works continued to be admired and studied by the Expressionists and Surrealists in the 20th and 21st centuries

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Sacrifice to Pan, 1771

Sacrifice to Pan, 1771

The Parasol, 1777

The Parasol, 1777

The Comet, 1777–1778

The Comet, 1777-1778


***** [În română] *****

Francisco Goya

Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes; 30 martie 1746, Fuendetodos, Aragón – 16 aprilie 1828, Bordeaux, France


Francisco Goya a fost un important pictor și creator de gravuri spaniol, la răspântia secolelor al XVIII-lea și al XIX-lea. La un secol după Velázquez și cu un secol înainte de Picasso, Goya este punct de referință pentru două veacuri de pictură spaniolă.

Ani de-a rândul Goya a fost artistul curții regale, la fel ca mulți alți pictori ai secolului al XVIII-lea. Ar fi rămas probabil creator al unei picturi liniștite, echilibrate, dacă nu s-ar fi îmbolnăvit: surzenia l-a izolat de lume și l-a eliberat de convenția picturii oficiale. La aproape cincizeci de ani, Goya a pornit într-o incursiune în străfundurile misterioase și zbuciumate ale sufletului omenesc. Ochiul lui sarcastic, demascator, nu iartă pe nimeni!

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