The first performance of Mozart’s opera The Marriage of Figaro
1st May 1786
The Marriage of Figaro (Italian: Le nozze di Figaro), K. 492, is an opera buffa in four acts composed in 1786 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, with an Italian libretto written by Lorenzo Da Ponte. It premiered at the Burgtheater in Vienna on 1 May 1786. The opera’s libretto is based on a stage comedy by Pierre Beaumarchais, La folle journée (The Mad Day), ou le Mariage de Figaro (The Marriage of Figaro), which was first performed in 1784.
The opera is a cornerstone of the repertoire and appears consistently among the top ten in the Operabase list of most frequently performed operas.
Mozart himself directed the first two performances, conducting seated at the keyboard, the custom of the day. Later performances were conducted by Joseph Weigl, the casting of the première including Francesco Benucci, Nancy Storace (the role of Susanna in Mozart’s Le nozze di Figaro was written for her), Luisa Laschi, Stefano Mandini, Dorotea Bussani.
W.A. Mozart – Le nozze di Figaro Wiener Staatsoper, conductor Riccardo Muti