21 May 1471, Nuremberg – 6 April 1528, Nuremberg
Albrecht Dürer was a German painter, engraver, printmaker, mathematician, and theorist.
His high-quality woodcuts (nowadays often called Meisterstiche or „master prints”) established his reputation and influence across Europe when he was still in his twenties, and he has been conventionally regarded as the greatest artist of the Northern Renaissance ever since.
His vast body of work includes altarpieces and religious works, numerous portraits and self-portraits, and copper engravings. Dürer’s introduction of classical motifs into Northern art, through his knowledge of Italian artists and German humanists, has secured his reputation as one of the most important figures of the Northern Renaissance.
This is reinforced by his theoretical treatises, which involve principles of mathematics,perspective and ideal proportions.