8 June 1810, Zwickau, Kingdom of Saxony – 29 July 1856, Bonn, Rhine Province, Prussia
Robert Schumann was a German composer and influential music critic, widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era.
Schumann left the study of law to learn music, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. He had been assured by his teacher Friedrich Wieck that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream.
Schumann married Wieck’s daughter, Clara, also a great pianist. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing. He composed many Lieder (songs for voice and piano), four symphonies, an opera and other orchestral, choral and chamber works.
Symphony No 4 in D minor, Op 120 Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, conductor Leonard Bernstein
Works such as Kinderszenen, Album für die Jugend, Blumenstück, Sonatas and Albumblätter are among his most famous.
Robert Schumann – Kinderszenen Piano: Martha Argerich
Robert Schumann – Sonata for violin and piano No. 1 in A minor, Op. 105 & Violin Sonata No. 2, Op. 121 Violin: Gidon Kremer, Piano: Martha Argerich