Today's Memory

Today’s Memory – Caravaggio

Caravaggio

29 September 1571?, Milan, Duchy of Milan, Spanish Empire – 18 July? 1610, Porto Ercole, State of the Presidi, Spanish Empire


Sick young Bacchus (self-portrait, 1593-1594)

Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio was an Italian painter active in Rome, Naples, Malta and Sicily. He was orphaned at age 11. After an apprenticeship in Milan, he went to Rome in 1590, where he won the patronage of a cardinal.

Basket of Fruit (c. 1595–1596)

A series of large paintings on the life of St. Matthew – The Calling of St. Matthew (1599–1600), The Martyrdom of St. Matthew (1599–1600) and St. Matthew and the Angel (two versions, both 1602) established him as the most renowned and controversial painter in Rome of his era.

The Calling of Saint Matthew (1599–1600)

Breaking with conventional formulas used in depicting saints, he used ordinary people as models and painted them with unforgiving realism; his inclination against tradition gave new meaning to the interpretation of traditional themes in religious painting. His use of tenebrism dramatic, selective illumination of form out of deep shadow to heighten the emotional tension, focus the details, and isolate the figures became the most outstanding feature of his style and a hallmark of the Baroque period.

Saint Francis of Assisi in Ecstasy (c.1595)
Judith Beheading Holofernes (1598–1599)
The Crucifixion of Saint Peter (1601)
Supper at Emmaus (1601-1602)

After 1600 he received many commissions, including the monumental The Deposition of Christ (1602-1604) and Death of the Virgin (1605-1606), which was refused by the Carmelites because of the Virgin’s plebeian features, bared legs, and swollen belly.

Death of the Virgin (1601–1606)

His reputation and income increased despite harsh criticism and a turbulent lifestyle. He had an enormous impact on painting throughout Europe.

The Musicians (1595–1596)
Amor Vincit Omnia (1601–1602)

Caravaggio Self Portait

 

More on: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caravaggio

 

***** [În română] *****

Caravaggio

29 septembrie 1571?, Milan – 18 July? 1610, Porto Ercole

Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio numit după orașul său natal, Caravaggio lângă Milano, a fost un pictor italian considerat precursor al stilului baroc, indiscutabil unul dintre cei mai mari novatori din istoria picturii.

Caravaggio a respins ierarhia genurilor și canonul frumuseții în pictură, conceput de umaniștii care au idealizat corpul omenesc. Pentru sublinierea realismului brutal al tablourilor sale, artistul a folosit un dramatic contrast de clarobscur. Scenele biblice le-a înfățișat ca imagini de viață cotidiană, dând astfel tablourilor religioase o dimensiune umană deosebită.

The Entombment of Christ (1602–1603)
Saint Jerome Writing (1605–1606)
The Seven Works of Mercy (1606–1607)
The Beheading of Saint John (1608)
The Annunciation (c. 1608)
Salome with the Head of John the Baptist (c.1609)
The Denial of Saint Peter (1610)

Biografii s-au apucat curând după moartea artistului, încă din secolul al XVII-lea, să scrie cărți despre viața lui Caravaggio. Realitatea se amestecă în aceste scrieri cu fantezia, dar ele povestesc întotdeauna despre aventuri, scandaluri și despre destinul schimbător al artistului.

Mai mult: https://ro.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caravaggio

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