29 November 1797, Bergamo, Lombardy – 8 April 1848, Bergamo, Lombardy
Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti was an Italian composer whose numerous operas in both Italian and French represent a transitional stage in operatic development between Rossini and Verdi. Along with Gioachino Rossini and Vincenzo Bellini, Donizetti was a leading composer of the bel canto opera style during the first fifty years of the Nineteenth Century.
Donizetti began his musical studies with Giovanni Simone Mayr, a Bavarian priest who was musical director of Santa Maria Maggiore, Bergamo’s chief church, and also a successful composer of opera. As a choirboy Donizetti did not shine, but Mayr perceived in him a nascent musical ability and secured his entry into the Liceo Filarmonico at Bologna, where he had a thorough training in fugue and counterpoint. His father hoped he would become a church composer, but, though he did compose a vast quantity of sacred music, his natural instinct was for the theatre.
Donizetti scored his first success with Enrico di Borgogna, which first appeared in 1818 at the Teatro San Luca, in Venice, and during the next 12 years he composed no fewer than 31 operas, most of them produced at Naples and now forgotten.
Gaetano Donizetti – Enrico di Borgogna (1818)
In 1830 his Anna Bolena, produced in Milan, carried his fame abroad to all the European capitals and eventually across the Atlantic.
Gaetano Donizetti – Anna Bolena (1830)
Two years later he scored another lasting success with L’elisir d’amore (The Elixir of Love), a comedy full of charm and character with a libretto by Felice Romani, the best theatre poet of the day. Lucrezia Borgia (1833), also with a libretto by Romani, consolidated his reputation at La Scala in Milan and elsewhere.
Gaetano Donizetti – L’elisir d’amore Selezione dell’opera
Donizetti returned to Naples for the production of his tragic masterpiece, Lucia di Lammermoor (1835).
Gaetano Donizetti – Lucia di Lammermoor (1835)
The opéra comique La fille du régiment (The Daughter of the Regiment) gained enormous popularity over the years…
Gaetano Donizetti – La fille du regiment
***** [În română] *****
29 noiembrie 1797, Bergamo – 8 aprilie 1848, Bergamo
Gaetano Donizetti a fost un prolific compozitor italian de muzică cultă și, mai ales, de operă. Opera sa cuprinde 75 de opere, 16 simfonii, 19 cvartete de coarde, 193 de cântece, 45 duete, 3 oratorii, 28 de cantate, concerte instrumentale, sonate și alte piese de muzică clasică.
Donizetti a studiat în orașul natal, apoi la Bologna, cu abatele Pietro Mattei, cu care a și lucrat o perioadă de timp, respectiv ulterior cu Gioacchino Rossini.
L’elisir d’amore Una furtiva lagrima by Leopold Simoneau