September 23, 1926, Hamlet, North Carolina – July 17, 1967, Huntington, New York
John William Coltrane was an American jazz saxophonist, bandleader, and composer, an iconic figure of 20th-century jazz.
John studied clarinet and alto saxophone as a youth and then moved to Philadelphia (1943) and continued his studies at the Ornstein School of Music and the Granoff Studios.
He was drafted into the navy in 1945 and played alto sax with a navy band until 1946; he switched to tenor saxophone (1947). During the late 1940s and early ’50s, he played in nightclubs and on recordings with such musicians as Eddie Vinson, Dizzy Gillespie, Earl Bostic and Johnny Hodges. Coltrane’s first recorded solo can be heard on Gillespie’s We Love to Boogie (1951).
Dizzy Gillespie w. John Coltrane – We Love to Boogie
Coltrane came to prominence when he joined Miles Davis’s quintet (1955). He embarked with Thelonious Monk and began to make recordings under his own name; each undertaking demonstrated a newfound level of technical discipline, as well as increased harmonic and rhythmic sophistication.
John Coltrane – Slow Blues
During this period Coltrane developed what came to be known as his sheets of sound approach to improvisation, as described by poet LeRoi Jones (later Amiri Baraka): “The notes that Trane was playing in the solo became more than just one note following another. The notes came so fast, and with so many overtones and undertones, that they had the effect of a piano player striking chords rapidly but somehow articulating separately each note in the chord, and its vibrating subtones”.
John Coltrane Quartet – Impressions
Coltrane influenced innumerable musicians, and remains one of the most significant saxophonists in jazz history. He received many posthumous awards and recognitions, including canonization by the African Orthodox Church as Saint John William Coltrane.
John Coltrane – Equinox
In 2007, Coltrane was awarded the Pulitzer Prize Special Citation for his „masterful improvisation, supreme musicianship and iconic centrality to the history of jazz.”
John Coltrane – My Favorite Things [ Album, 1961]
***** [În română] *****
23 septembrie 1926, Hamlet, North Carolina – 17 iulie 1967, Huntington, New York
John William Coltrane cunoscut și sub pseudonimul „Trane”, a fost saxofonist, șef de formație și compozitor de jazz american.
Figură emblematică a jazzului secolului 20, John Coltrane este considerat unul din cei mai importanți inovatori în muzica de jazz modernă. Dacă la începutul carierei sale a cântat mai mult be-bop și hard-bop, ulterior s-a situat în avangarda stilului free. De-a lungul carierei, a organizat cel puțin 50 de ședințe de înregistrare în calitate de lider, apărând alături de multe nume celebre în epocă, precum trompetistul Miles Davis și pianistul Thelonious Monk.
John Coltrane – A Love Supreme [Album, 1965]
Muzica sa a influențat generații după generații de saxofoniști. Spre sfârșitul carierei, muzica sa a căpătat tot mai mult accente spirituale, acesta fiind unul din motivele pentru care a fost canonizat sub numele de Sfântul John William Coltrane de către Biserica Africană Ortodoxă
John Coltrane – Blue Train (Music Matters)