~ Amintirea zilei – Today’s Memory ~
John Birks „Dizzy” Gillespie; 21 octombrie 1917, Cheraw, South Carolina – 6 ianuarie 1993, Englewood, New Jersey
Dizzy Gillespie a fost trompetist, compozitor și lider de trupă de jazz american, una dintre figurile de bază ale mișcării bebop.
Tatăl său a fost zidar dar și șef de trupă amator care și-a inițiat fiul în elementele de bază ale mai multor instrumente. După moartea tatălui său (1927), Gillespie a învățat autodidact trompeta și trombonul. Prima trupă profesionistă din
Dizzy Gillespie & Ella Fitzgerald – A Night in Tunisia
Gillespie și-a format propria orchestră la sfârșitul anilor ’40, considerată una dintre cele mai bune ansambluri mari de jazz. Remarcat pentru aranjamente complexe și virtuozitate instrumentală, repertoriul său a fost împărțit între abordarea bop și jazzul afro-cubanez (sau, așa cum a numit-o Gillespie, „Cubop”) – în melodii ca Manteca, Cubano Be și Cubana Bop, cu toboșarul conga Chano Pozo.
Dizzy Gillespie – Cubana Bop
A format apoi alte trupe, pe parcursul carierei sale, dar a cântat mai ales în grupuri mici începând cu anii ‘50
Dizzy Gillespie Quintet – Jazz 625 (1966)
***** [In English] *****
October 21, 1917, Cheraw, South Carolina – January 6, 1993, Englewood, New Jersey
John Birks „Dizzy” Gillespie was an American jazz trumpeter, composer and bandleader who was one of the seminal figures of the bebop movement.
Gillespie’s father was a bricklayer and amateur bandleader who introduced his son to the basics of several instruments. After his father died (1927), Gillespie taught himself the trumpet and trombone. His first professional job was in Frankie Fairfax’s band in Philadelphia, then in bands led by Cab Calloway, Ella Fitzgerald, Earl Hines, Duke Ellington and Billy Eckstine.
We love to Boogie – Dizzy Gillespie & John Coltrane (1951)
Gillespie formed his own orchestra in the late 1940s, and it was considered to be one of the finest large jazz ensembles. Noted for complex arrangements and instrumental virtuosity, its repertoire was divided between the bop approach and Afro-Cuban jazz (or, as Gillespie called it, “Cubop”) – in such numbers as Manteca, Cubano Be, and Cubana Bop featuring conga drummer Chano Pozo.
Manteca – Dizzy Gillespie with the Kenny Clarke & Francy Boland Big Band (1970)
Gillespie formed other bands sporadically throughout the remainder of his career, but he played mostly in small groups from the 1950s onward.
„Dizzy Gillespie’s contributions to jazz were huge. One of the greatest jazz trumpeters of all time (some would say the best), Gillespie was such a complex player that his contemporaries ended up copying Miles Davis and Fats Navarro instead, and it was not until Jon Faddis’s emergence in the 1970s that Dizzy’s style was successfully recreated… Arguably Gillespie is remembered, by both critics and fans alike, as one of the greatest jazz trumpeters of all time.” – Allmusic’s Scott Yanow
The Best of Dizzy Gillespie