Today's Memory

Franz Liszt

Franz Liszt (1811-1886) -cover

~ Amintirea zilei – Today’s Memory ~

 

Viața este doar o sinucidere lungă și amară și numai credința poate transforma această sinucidere într-un sacrificiu


Franz Liszt (1) Portrait By Henri Lehmann Carnavalet, 1840Franz Liszt

22 octombrie 1811, Doborján, Regatul Ungariei, Imperiul Austriac/Raiding, Austria – 31 iulie 1886, Bayreuth, Germany

 

Franz Liszt a fost un compozitor, pianist virtuoz, unul dintre cei mai renumiți ai tuturor timpurilor, dirijor, pedagog, aranjor și organist al ertei romantice. De asemenea, a fost scriitor și filantrop.

Tatăl său era în serviciul familiei Esterházy, familie care îl patronase și pe compozitorul Joseph Haydn. După ce, în 1821 s-a mutat la Viena, a luat lecții de pian cu Carl Czerny și de compoziție cu Antonio Salieri. Doi ani mai târziu, în 1823, s-a mutat împreună cu familia la Paris, de unde a plecat în multe turnee ca pianist. Influențat de măiestria violonistului Niccolò Paganini, a decis să dezvolte o tehnică interpretativă similară pentru pian. În 1835 a plecat din Paris cu amanta sa Marie d’Agoult, alături de care a întreprins multe călătorii în anii următori, timp în care reputația sa de pianist a continuat să crească.

Franz Liszt – Faust Symphony • Chicago Symphony Orchestra and Chorus, Conductor Sir Georg Solti, Tenor S. Jerusalem

În anul 1844 s-a despărțit de amanta sa, mamă a celor trei copii ai săi, iar în 1848 s-a stabilit la Weimar, alături de prințesa Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein. Atenția sa a început să se concentreze pe compoziție și, în special, pe crearea unui nou gen muzical, poemul simfonic. Franz Liszt (3) În anul 1861, Liszt s-a mutat la Roma. Din 1869 s-a întors cu regularitate la Weimar, unde a avut numeroși elevi, mai târziu acceptând să predea muzică la Budapesta, unde era privit ca un erou național.

Franz Liszt – Piano Concerto No. 1 • Orchestra Sinfonica Nazionale della Rai, Conductor Enrico Fagone, Piano Martha Argerich

Liszt  a întreprins turnee în Muntenia, Moldova și Transilvania, unde de fiecare dată a fost primit cu mare căldură, înregistrând succese notabile. În urma contactului cu muzica populară românească, a comps o Rapsodie română.

Franz Liszt – Romanian Rhapsody, S244 Piano Giovanni Bellucci

A fost socrul compozitorului Richard Wagner; el și-a petrecut ultima parte a vieții sale la Bayreuth. A murit la 31 iulie 1886, la patru ani după decesul ginerelui său, Richard Wagner, la Bayreuth, unde a fost înmormântat.

Mai mult: https://ro.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franz_Liszt

 

Franz Liszt – Les préludes • Orchestra: Dresdner Philharmonie, Conductor: Michel Plasson

 

***** [In English] *****

Life is only a long and bitter suicide, and faith alone can transform this suicide into a sacrifice

Franz Liszt (2)Franz Liszt

22 October 1811, Doborján, kingdom of Hungary, Austrian Empire [now Raiding, Austria] – 31 July 1886, Bayreuth, Germany

 

Franz Liszt was a Hungarian composer, virtuoso pianist, conductor, music teacher, arranger, and organist of the Romantic era. He was also a writer and a philanthropist.

Franz began to compose at the age of eight. When only nine he made his first public appearance as a concert pianist at Sopron and Pozsony (now Bratislava, Slovakia). His playing impressed so much the local Hungarian magnates that they put up the money to pay for his musical education for the next six years.

In Vienna, he had piano lessons with Carl Czerny and studied composition with Antonio Salieri, the musical director at the Viennese court. He gave several concerts in Vienna, with great success.

Franz Liszt – Etude 3 „Un Sospiro” in D flat major • Piano Ida Cernecka

Liszt moved with his family to Paris in 1823, giving concerts in Germany on the way. He was refused admission to the Paris Conservatoire because he was a foreigner; instead, he studied with Anton Reicha and Ferdinando Paer. Liszt’s Paris debut in 1824, was sensational. Other concerts quickly followed, as well as a visit to London in June. He toured England again the following year, playing for George IV at Windsor Castle and also visiting Manchester, where his New Grand Overture was performed for the first time. This piece was used as the overture to his one-act opera Don Sanche, which was performed at the Paris Opéra.

Franz Liszt – Don Sanche (ou Le château de l’amour) • Hungarian State Opera Orchestra, Conductor Támas Pál

In 1834 Liszt emerged as a mature composer with the solo piano piece Harmonies poétiques et religieuses, based on a collection of poems by Lamartine, and the set of three Apparitions. He wrote the first two books of solo piano pieces collectively named Années de pèlerinage (1837–54; Years of Pilgrimage), which are poetical evocations of Swiss and Italian scenes – these are works for solo piano transformed into pieces of terrifying virtuosity.

Franz Liszt – Années de Pèlerinage • Piano Lazar Berman

Liszt traveled all over Europe, giving concerts in countries as far apart as Ireland, Portugal, Turkey, and Russia. His visit to Hungary in 1839–40, the first since his boyhood, was an important event. His renewed interest in the music of the Roma, laid the foundations for his Hungarian Rhapsodies and other piano pieces composed in the Hungarian style.

Franz Liszt At The Piano Picture By Sir Hubert Von Herkomer, C.1904)
Franz Liszt at the Piano Picture by Sir Hubert von Herkomer, c.1904

A prolific composer, Liszt was one of the most prominent representatives of the New German School (Neudeutsche Schule). He left behind an extensive and diverse body of work which influenced his forward-looking contemporaries and anticipated 20th-century ideas and trends. Among Liszt’s musical contributions were the symphonic poem, developing thematic transformation as part of his experiments in musical form, and radical innovations in harmony.

More on: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franz_Liszt

*****

 

Franz Liszt – Complete Hungarian Rhapsodies

 

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