February 27, 1902, Salinas, California – December 20, 1968
John Ernst Steinbeck, Jr. was an American writer. He is widely known for the Pulitzer Prize – winning novel The Grapes of Wrath (1939), which summed up the bitterness of the Great Depression decade and aroused widespread sympathy for the plight of migratory farmworkers, for East of Eden (1952) and the novella Of Mice and Men (1937).
As the author of twenty-seven books, including sixteen novels, six non-fiction books, and five collections of short stories, Steinbeck received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1962, for his „realistic and imaginative writing, combining as it does sympathetic humor and keen social perception„.
Steinbeck’s reputation rests mostly on the naturalistic novels with proletarian themes he wrote in the 1930s; it is in these works that his building of rich symbolic structures and his attempts at conveying mythopoeic and archetypal qualities in his characters are most effective.
Of Mice and Men